European Silver Fir, Silver Fir
|These cone-bearing evergreens, commonly called firs, are large, majestic trees. Place them in groups, singly in lawns, or in forest plantings. Their upright cones vary in color -- purple, blue, red-brown or green -- by species. The flat needles are aromatic. Firs prefer moist, cool, acid soil, and full sun. Many types need some winter chill and shelter from wind. Polluted city air hinders growth. Though firs do not require pruning, you can tip back branch ends to promote denser growth. Even large trees are transplantable.
Hailing from Germany's fabled Black Forest, the species towers too high for most private gardens. Look for slow-growing, semi-dwarf cultivars from specialty nurseries. Pyramidal, compact, and narrow, reaches about 30 feet. Pendula's weeping form may grow to 40 feet or taller.
Attributes - Abies alba
Plant Type: Tree
Height: 80 ft. to 100 ft.
Width: 30 ft.
Sunlight: Full Sun
Climate: Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Notes: Thrives in Acid Soil. Low Maintenance. Susceptible to Aphids, Caterpillars, Rust, Spider Mites.
Abies balsamea 'Nana', Abies bornmuelleriana, Abies bracteata, Abies cilicica, Abies concolor, Abies concolor 'Compacta', Abies grandis, Abies koreana, Abies koreana 'Prostrata', Abies lasiocarpa, Abies lasiocarpa 'Compacta', Abies magnifica, Abies pinsapo