Betula nigra

River Birch, Red Birch

Fast-growing Birch trees are attractive year-round. Their light green foliage turns yellow in fall. Losing their leaves for winter shows off their colorful, peeling bark, thin graceful branches, and hanging cone-like fruit. Young trees have dark-colored bark until their trunks reach 1 inch around. Plant against a darker background or green lawn to highlight pale trunks. Prone to aphids that drip a sticky substance called honeydew, so plant away from patios or car parks. Most thrive in moist sandy or rocky subsoils. Once established, tolerates some heat and dry spells. Prefers winter chill. Water deeply and often, around shallow roots. Prune in winter only after leaves have formed, to prevent sap bleeding. Transplant when dormant. Birch borers and leaf miners are major pests.
Betula nigra, River Birch, Red Birch
Native to streambanks and wet areas, it tolerates hot, humid climates. Yound plants quickly grow into single or multi-stemmed trees. Pinkish-white bark turns cinnamon-brown or black as the tree ages. Resists birch borer. Prone to chlorosis in alkaline soils.

Attributes - Betula nigra

Plant Type: Tree

Bloom Season: Mid Spring

Flower Color: Yellow

Foliage: Deciduous

Height: 40 ft. to 90 ft.

Width: 60 ft.

Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun

Climate: Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Notes: Thrives in Acid Soil, Wet Soil. Low Maintenance, Showy Flowers. Susceptible to Aphids, Beetles.

Related Plants

Betula nigra 'Heritage', Betula papyrifera, Betula pendula, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica', Betula pendula 'Youngii', Betula platyphylla japonica, Betula platyphylla japonica 'Whitespire', Betula utilis jacquemontii
 
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